Equine Dental Care
Dental procedures are performed on horses by a process called “floating”. Floating means to smooth or contour your horse's teeth with a file (called a "float"). Unlike human teeth a horse's teeth keep growing. Periodically throughout the horse's life sharp edges develop on the teeth making in painful and difficult to eat.
Horses like humans do have two sets of teeth throughout their lives. Typically they will have lost all of their baby teeth by age 5. Adults horses will have between 36-44 permanent teeth.
The front teeth are used cut the foliage while the back teeth (both top and bottom) are used to turn that into a pulp that is easily digestible. Food that is not properly broke down could lead to digestive issues.
Often times when teeth have sharp and pointed edges sore and cuts are developed in the mouth and on the tongue.
Common signs that there may be a dental issue:
- Drops food from her mouth
- Exhibits difficulty in chewing
- Excessive salivation
- Loss of weight
- Undigested food particles in manure
- Excessive bit chewing
- Resisting having the bridle put on
- Difficult handling while riding
- Mouth odor
- Blood in the mouth
- Face swelling
- Nasal discharge